End Stage Renal Disease in the United States

BACKGROUNDER

  • According to the latest U.S. Renal Data System Annual Data Report, more than 615,000 Americans are being treated for kidney failure, also called end stage renal disease, or ESRD. Of these, more than 430,000 are dialysis patients and more than 185,000 have a functioning kidney transplant.
  • Since 2000, the number of patients who have been diagnosed with kidney failure has increased 57%.
  • A profile of kidney failure patients in the U.S. is as follows1:

    Sex:

    Statistics

    Percent

    Males

    342,036

    56.8%

    Females

    259,765

    43.2%

    Age:

    Below 19 years of age

    7,536

    1.3%

    From 20 to 44 years of age

    99,452

    16.5%

    From 45 to 64 years of age

    270,707

    45.0%

    From 65 to 74 years of age

    127,628

    21.2%

    Age 75 years or more

    96,478

    16.0%

    Race & Ethnicity:

    White

    365,828

    60.8%

    Black/African American

    194,032

    32.2%

    Asian

    33,639

    5.6%

    American Indians

    8,302

    1.4%

    Hispanic2

    90,584

    15.1%

    Primary Cause:

    Diabetes

    228,114

    37.9%

    High Blood Pressure

    151,317

    25.1%

    Glomerulonephritis

    86,307

    14.3%

    Cystic Kidney

    28,932

    4.8%

    Other Urologic

    12,868

    2.1%

    Other/Unknown/Missing

    94,263

    15.7%

    1. Adjusted for missing and unknown data based on USRDS 2013 report.
    2. Please note totals greater than 100% because Hispanic ethnicity information is collected separately from racial information.

  • There are approximately 5,938 dialysis facilities and 251 certified kidney transplant facilities in the U.S. Of these dialysis facilities, approximately 765 are hospital based.
  • In 2011 the annual cost of treating kidney failure in the U.S. was approximately $48.2 billion.
  • In 2011, more than 92,000 patients died from causes related to kidney failure.

Updated January 2014

Sources: U.S. Renal Data System Annual Data Report (2013), Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services