Chronic Kidney Disease — A Growing Problem
More than 26 million American adults have chronic kidney disease (CKD) and millions more are at risk and don’t know it. Since kidney disease can sneak up without any warning in the way of symptoms, the disease has been labeled a “silent killer” and a “quiet epidemic.”
- In 2010, over 594,000 Americans received treatment for kidney failure, also known as end stage renal disease (ESRD). This includes more than 415,000 dialysis patients and over 179,000 people with functioning kidney transplants.
- Of the more than 116,000 Americans currently awaiting organ transplants, over 94,000 are waiting for a kidney.
- Nearly ten times more patients are now being treated for kidney failure than in 1980.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, accounting for 44% of the new cases. Over 210,000 people are living with kidney failure resulting from diabetes.
- Uncontrolled or poorly controlled high blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney failure in the country, accounting for 28% of all cases.
- The third and fourth leading causes of kidney failure in the U.S. are glomerulonephritis, an inflammatory disease of the kidneys, and polycystic kidney disease.
- Kidney disease hits minorities disproportionately and minorities are approximately 2-4 times more likely than non-minorities to reach end stage renal disease. African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, Pacific Islanders, American Indians and the elderly are also at increased risk.
- In 2010, more than 91,000 Americans died from causes related to kidney failure.
- Premature death from cardiovascular disease is higher in adults with CKD compared to adults without CKD.
- CKD continues to be a major cause of lost productivity, physician visits and hospitalizations among men and women.
- CKD is more common among women, but men with CKD are 50% more likely than women to progress to kidney failure.
- Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer of people with CKD. Individuals with early stages of CKD are 5 times more likely to die from heart disease than to reach end stage kidney disease.
- In 2011, there were more than 16,500 kidney transplants performed in the United States.
- Kidney disease is the 9th leading cause of death in the United States.
- Kidney disease causes more deaths than breast cancer or prostate cancer each year.
Sources of Facts and Statistics:
United States Renal Data System, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute of Health, United Network of Organ Sharing and Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, CDC National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Vital Statistics